Reality check: 2017 Virginia governor race
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Reality check: 2017 Virginia governor race Live

Virginia voters head to the polls to choose the state's next governor on Nov. 7. Amid the attack ads and campaign mailers, WTOP provides a reality check for voters - breaking down some of the candidates' policy proposals.


Three candidates for Virginia governor: Libertarian Cliff Hyra, Democrat Ralph Northam, Republican Ed Gillespie. (The Associated Press) 


  • What the candidates for governor are saying about education and what voters need to know

     
    by Amanda Iacone, WTOP.com
     
    WASHINGTON – Fifty or sixty years - that’s how long today’s high school students will spend working before they retire.  
     
    The best thing schools can do today to prepare students for decades at work is to teach them to be lifelong learners so they can adapt to changing job climates, said Steve Partridge, vice president of workforce development at Northern Virginia Community College. 
     
    Virginia has laid out the foundation to redesign high school education that will help address that. But whoever wins the race for Virginia governor in November will face rolling out the significant changes to high school graduation requirements enacted last year. And the state still hasn’t made up for education funding lost during the recession. 
     
    Partridge said that no matter who wins on Nov. 7, the best way to prepare students for the jobs available in today’s economy is to invest in K-12 education. 
     
    All three candidates for governor have laid out robust policy proposals for education and workforce development giving voters lots to consider: teacher training and pay, standards of learning, and internships and school vouchers. 
     
    Here's a look at what voters should know. 
     

    Career and Technical Education

    Career and technical education is the modern term for vocational education. But it’s not just carpentry or cosmetology anymore. It also includes data analysis, cybersecurity and health care fields. 
     
    All three candidates are putting renewed emphasis on the importance of career and technical education as part of their education platforms – including the need for apprenticeships and internships and certifications. 
     
    "We have, for example in Hampton Roads alone, 3,000 unfilled welding jobs. These are great paying jobs, and there's an opportunity here for folks to be able to have a good career path. We need to celebrate these skills in our high schools in the same way we celebrate other academic achievements," Republican Ed Gillespie said during a recent debate in McLean. 
     
    In Northern Virginia, the welding equivalent might be cybersecurity jobs. As many as two-thirds of all cybersecurity jobs posted in the U.S. are located in Northern Virginia, Partridge said. 
     
    Many of those jobs, which are generally well-paid, only require a two-year degree or a certificate and a bachelor’s degree. "And we can’t find enough people to fill them," Partridge said. 
     
    Partridge said schools have become too focused on the “college-for-all-track” and he welcomes the renewed focused on alternate career paths. 
     

    Staffing and Funding

    Virginia cut more than $1 billion for direct K-12 spending at the height of the recession. This year, the state injected about $800 million back into public education. But per-pupil funding still hasn’t caught up to pre-recession levels, said Chris Duncombe, senior policy analyst for the Commonwealth Institute, a progressive think tank in Richmond.  
     
    “There’s still a long road ahead in finding the political will to support our public education and schools. I think that’s a really important question for the gubernatorial candidates, is if they see themselves as continuing down that path that we started recently in restoring our investment in public education,” he said. 
     
    Staffing levels dropped across the state in the years after the recession, but staff levels are beginning to rise again. However, average teacher pay in the state is about 12 percent below the national average. And Virginia teachers earn less on average than teachers in neighboring states, such as Maryland and Kentucky, Duncombe said. 
     
    Another round of pay raises could help reverse that trend, he said. 
     
    Gillespie and Democrat Ralph Northam are both calling for an increase in teacher pay and are talking about teacher training and recruitment – especially for rural or disadvantaged schools that have a hard time keeping teachers. 
     
    They differ in one area, however. Gillespie has proposed education savings accounts that, similar to vouchers, would help students and their families pay for private education. Also, he would make it easier to create charter schools. 
     
    Northam, who currently serves as the state’s lieutenant governor, has pledged to support traditional public schools and wants teachers to have a greater say in policies developed at the state level. 
     

    SOLs

    Virginia Standards of Learning continue to evolve, requiring fewer tests for students, but the benchmarks for each grade level and subjects remain. 
     
    Northam described the SOLs as “broken.” 
     
    “We are teaching children how to take multiple choice tests when they should be thinking creatively,” he said during a debate last month. 
     
    He’s defended recent efforts to reduce testing and update the SOLs.
     
    Gillespie also wants to reform the SOLs so that they measure students’ progress, not just whether they meet the standards or not. 
     
    “We need to have accountability,” Gillespie has said. 
     
    Duncombe said voters should question, however, how the candidates would pay for their investments. 
     
    “All of the campaigns have put out fairly ambitious pledges for public education,” Duncombe said. “Yet they’ve also called for fairly significant reductions in the resources the state will have to make those priorities.” 
     
    Libertarian Cliff Hyra, an attorney, is also running for governor. 
     
    Coming next week: What the candidates say about unlocking the region's congested roads.  
     
     

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  • What voters need to know about taxes in Virginia this election season 

    by Amanda Iacone 
     
    All three candidates for Virginia governor are talking about taxes this election season. And it’s about time, says Laura Goren, research director for the Commonwealth Institute for Fiscal Analysis. 
     
    She says the state tax code hasn’t been updated since 1986 and doesn't reflect the state's digital economy or the cost to provide services. So what are the candidates proposing and what could it mean for your checkbook?
     
    Republican Ed Gillespie argues a tax cut and changes to tax exemptions are needed to give a shot in the arm to the state's economy. 
     
    Democrat Ralph Northam wants reforms to ease taxes on the lowest-earning Virginians and offer targeted tax relief to rural areas. 
     
    And Libertarian Cliff Hyra wants to make more wholesale changes to how income is taxed and eliminate local business taxes. 
     
    First, here's some background. 
     
    Virginia’s top tax bracket — starting at just $17,000 a year — hasn't changed in decades and neither has the top marginal tax rate — 5.75 percent. 
     
    What that means is an average worker — say a teacher — pays the same top tax rate as a millionaire, Goren said. (Learn more about the difference between a marginal and effective tax rate in our audio extra.)
     
    "We do need to modernize our tax code in the state," she said. 
     
    The state's revenue hasn't kept up with the growth in the state's economy in the last three decades — making it harder to pay for basic services, such as transportation, public education and health care, Goren said. 
     
    On to the details of the plans. 
     
    Gillespie proposes a 10 percent tax cut to that top rate — bringing it down to 5.15 percent. But he’s not proposing a change to the tax bracket; the top rate would still kick in at $17,000 of income. His campaign says that the cut would save a family of four almost $1,300 a year. He would phase in the cuts over three years. 
     
    Northam wants to eliminate the 2.5 percent sales tax on groceries — a tax that is shared between the state and localities — saying the tax disproportionately hurts low-income Virginians. He’d also convene a commission to study reforming the state tax code further. 
     
    Both proposals would save middle-income Virginians nearly the same amount of cash each year — roughly $136 on groceries or $147 in income taxes on average, according to an analysis by the Commonwealth Institute. The benefits for low-income and the wealthiest Virginians would vary widely. (Read the full analysis here.)
     
    So what do we mean by “middle-income earners?” Those are Virginians earning between $41,000 and $67,000 a year, according to Goren. Incomes tend to be higher in Northern Virginia, however. In Fairfax County, for example, the median household income is much higher — $113,000, according to county estimates. 
     
    Gillespie argues his tax cut would cost the state $1.4 billion, but future economic growth would make up for the revenue hit. Northam's grocery tax cut would cost the state about $381 million in addition to the $254 million local governments would lose, according to the institute. 
     
    Hyra is calling to exempt the first $30,000 of income for individuals and $60,000 for married couples before any state income taxes would kick in. The result could save mid-earners about $1,000 a year on average, according to the institute. His proposal could shave $3 billion to $5 billion from state coffers.
     
    All three candidates also want to reduce or eliminate local taxes that businesses pay on inventory and gross income. State lawmakers have been trying to roll back such taxes for years. 
     
    So can voters expect that real tax reforms are ahead? Not so fast, says Goren. 
     
    Many lawmakers and candidates have proposed tax changes in the past, but the proposals have gained little traction, Goren said. 
     
    Eliminating tax exemptions — sometimes called tax preferences — are typically opposed by those who benefit — such as mortgage holders or hybrid car owners. On the other hand, tax cuts reduce funding the state needs to pay for police, teachers, even doctors and jail guards. And lawmakers have been equally hesitant to raise taxes or create new taxes. 
     
    While the goal to reform taxes is laudable, tax changes in Virginia can be very hard to achieve, Goren said. 
     
     
    Next week: A look at public education in Virginia and the candidate's proposals. 
  • Audio extra: Laura Goren explains how the state taxes income in less than 60 seconds

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